3. Results

1. Did the driver break any rules?
Based on the graph, we can see that speeding and red running occupy most of the space in the graph and appear to be more common than the rest. We can infer that majority of those drivers are:
  • Ignorant of traffic rules and do not mind breaking them.
  • May have been in a hurry and ended up ignoring traffic rules.
  • Reckless and do not care about their safety.
  • Not alert to notice red traffic light
The "none" section takes up slightly lesser space than speeding and red running. This shows that some of the driver were:
  • Not cautious on the road and too careless.
  • Distracted by something and thus losing focus.
  • Tired and could not concentrate on driving.
  • Other reasons that could be seen in question 6 and will further be inferred upon (Bad weather, miscommunication and jay walking).
The "drunk driving" section takes up the least amount of space. This means that those drivers were:
  • Indifferent to breaking the law
  • Too lazy to take public transport instead of their own vehicle
  • Unaware of such a rule (although unlikely)


2. What kind of traffic accidents do you see often?
According to the graph, "vehicle with vehicle" is extremely common compared to other kinds of traffic accidents. This means that it is usually the fault of drivers(inexperience, carelessness or ignorance) and less likely to be the fault of pedestrians.

3. Where did the traffic accident take place?
The traffic accident takes place mainly at road junctions and highways.
For road junctions, this means that accidents are caused by:
  • Unaware of incoming cars when turning in
  • May be inexperienced and losing control at junctions
For highways, this means that accidents are caused by:
  • Vehicles travelling at high speed and thus increasing risk of crashing into another vehicle or object
  • Huge number of vehicles which also increases rise of crashing into another vehicle

4. What types of vehicles were involved in the accident?
Cars take up the most space in the graph. Considering that cars are extremely common among vehicles on the road, taking up 50% is normal and nothing to infer from.
However, motorcycles take up 25% of the graph. This is a huge amount considering the number of motorcycles compared to the number of other vehicles, the number of motorcycles will only be a small portion. This shows that the reasons motorcycles take part in accidents can be:
  • Extremely mobile and travels at high speed, which may cause sudden appearances and cause a traffic accident
  • Small size may cause driver to lose control or balance over the vehicle
  • Drivers of motorcycles are more reckless
Trucks take up 15% of the graph of traffic accidents. There are very few trucks compared to other vehicles and shouldn't be able to take up 15% in the number of vehicles. Thus, this can mean that:
  • Trucks are big in size and cannot see small vehicles
  • Trucks are slow and cannot escape in time from incoming vehicles
  • Trucks are larger and will have a bigger area that can be hit
  • which will lead to traffic accidents.
Vans and cyclists are around the same in number as trucks and motorcycles, yet accidents occur with them less frequently. Therefore, we can infer that driving vans and cycling can be safer.

5. What was the age of the driver?
Ages 30-40 take up the hugest portion of the graph, this is because people aged 30-40 usually have cars. This is because fatigue cannot be a main contributing factor or not ages 50-40 should take up a huger portion of the pie chart. Recklessness and inexperience cannot be a factor too or not ages 18-30 should take up a larger portion of the chart too. The most suitable reason would be that more people aged 30-40 would have cars. They would have saved up and have a job by then to afford a car. People aged 50-40 may have lost their cars due to not being able to renew their COE for another 10 years or passed it on to their children.
6. What was the cause of the accident?
Breaking traffic rules take up the biggest portion of the pie chart, this means that accidents are often caused by ignorance or irresponsibility to abide by the rules.
Bad weather takes up the second largest portion of the graph, which means that accidents can sometimes be caused by weather, which will:
  • Cause the road to be more slippery
  • Affect/distract your vision due to sunlight, rain or fog
  • Overwhelm the sounds of other vehicles due to the sound of droplets of rains hitting the car and not being able to notice the vehicle
which will create a traffic accident.
Miscommunication also takes up a similar portion of the graph to bad weather. This means that some drivers are:
  • Not able to communicate with other drivers(through hand signs, horn, etc)
  • Not alert enough to notice what message other people are trying to convey

7. What was the weather condition at the time of the traffic accident?
The "rainy" section of the graph takes up a lesser portion of the chart than the "clear" section. This means that a rainy day is not often the main cause of an accident, despite being a horribly bad weather condition for driving.

8. What was the time of the day at the time of the accident?
From the graph, accidents happen most frequently at night time. This shows that accidents usually happen because of limited vision during night time, which prevents drivers from spotting any incoming pedestrian or vehicle. It may also be possible that traffic accidents happen because of peak hour in the early night(evening).
The percentage of accidents happening in the morning and afternoon is the same, thus showing that differences in the morning and afternoon, such as:
  • Brighter sky during the afternoon
  • Peak hours in the morning
do not cause traffic accidents.

9. Which part of the vehicle was hit?
Based on the pie chart, vehicles most commonly get hit by the front side(adding on to the bumpers on the front side too).
This shows that drivers are:
  • Not alert. Having the front part of the vehicle hit by something despite having a driver's vision always looking in front.
  • Driving too fast. The driver may have been driving too fast and lost control of the vehicle, crashing into something. Thus causing the front part of the vehicle to be hit first.
The side of the car also got hit the second most frequently. This may be because of drivers who change lanes. While switching lanes on the road, they are unaware of another car beside them, which causes the side of the vehicle to get hit. It may also be possible that it is because of the vehicle turning at road intersections. In the midst of turning, the vehicle gets hit by another vehicle that lost control and thus causing the side of the car to be hit.
Getting hit by the bumper is the least common, thus showing the ineffectiveness of the bumper which was meant to absorb impact, yet it does not get hit often.

10. What can be done to reduce traffic accidents?
The most common suggestion is to obey traffic rules. This would be the most obvious suggestion, but drivers are irresponsible and reckless at times. The second most common suggestion is to not rush. Panic and being hurried is apparently another possible reason that causes traffic accidents.

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